Today we will understand what dyes can be used in soap making, how they differ from each other, what are and what effect you can get using this or that dye.
Dyes for handmade soap
Natural Dyes for Soap
Natural dyes are all natural products that can stain soaps, such as coffee, spices, decoctions, oils, and many others. In addition to color, they beneficially affect our skin, nourishing and cleansing it, some even scrub. However, natural dyes have some drawbacks. The first major drawback is migration. The migration of the dye in soap is when one color penetrates the other, relevant for two or more colored soaps. Also, natural dyes reduce the transparency of your base, slightly muddied it. In addition, natural dyes in soap with their own hands over time can change color.
Before preparing soap with a natural dye, be sure to read our article about natural dyes and how each of them behaves in soap. Just remember that if you introduce natural products into the soap, it may mold or disappear, you need to use such soap immediately.
Artificial dyes for soap making
Artificial dyes – they are created in laboratories and give a beautiful rich color and a large palette to choose from. Artificial dyes can be divided into different subcategories. Let’s see what:
- Food colorings
– will give bright flowers, cheaper than others,
the basis does not become cloudy, they do not harm health, however they migrate. There are dry food dyes, they must be diluted with water to the desired concentration, already dissolved in water, gel-like (dry quickly) and also on an oily basis (the latter will migrate more slowly).
- Cosmetic – the same properties as food dyes, only they can not be added to food.
Pigments are stored for a long time and do not migrate, but they cloud the base.
- Dry pigments, they must be rubbed with oil or glycerin (1 g per 10 ml);
- Liquid pigments already diluted in oil or glycerin;
- Neon liquid pigments, it is better to use them in a transparent manner to get a brighter color;
- Phosphor – pigment, which makes the soap glow in the dark. It charges from sunlight or electric light. By the way this soap can glow up to 10 hours. It is added not only to soap, but also to candles, decorations, homemade lava lamps, etc.
- Titanium dioxide – paints the base in white, makes it opaque and matte, is absolutely safe for health. Before use, it is recommended to grind in oil or glycerin. Further, dissolved titanium dioxide can be stored, however, it is recommended to shake it up before use. It is introduced into the soap in the amount of 0.5-1% of the total weight of the soap.
- Nacre – powders that also need to be pre-diluted in oil or glycerin, do not migrate. Looks more beautiful in a transparent manner.
- Pasty dyes (Zenicolor) – these dyes do not muddy the base and do not migrate. Dyes are sold in a set of five tubes of different colors and cards, with which you can measure the right amount of dye and mix different colors to get the desired shade. Under this dye there is also a free application on the phone, which will help you to choose and create the desired color.
- Glitters are sparkles that are added to cosmetics and soap. They tend to settle at the bottom of the finished soap, so if you want the glitters to be evenly distributed around the soap, it is better to add them to the slightly cooled base and pour into the mold, mixing.
Necessary knowledge for novice soap maker:
- How to use molds for soap
- How to choose a soap base
- How to cook soap from the base